Results for category "OpenNebula"

4 Articles

2016 upgrade

Quick post sharing a few pictures I took this February, as I finally replaced my plastic shelf by some steel rack.

I took that opportunity to add an UPS, a third PDU, my 7th & 8th Ceph hosts.
Thanks to Ceph & OpenNebula, I haven’t had to shut down any of my services.

Bonjour Serveurs (suite)


OpenNebula 4.10 dashboard

OpenNebula 4.10 dashboard, running on 4-compute 5-store cluster

This could have been the first article of this blog. OpenNebula is a modular cloud-oriented solution that could be compared to OpenStack, driving heterogeneous infrastructure, orchestrating storage, network and hypervisors configuration.

In the last 7 months, I’ve been using OpenNebula with Ceph to virtualize my main services, such as my mail server (200GB storage), my nntp index (200GB mysql DB, 300GB data), my wiki, plex, sabnzbd, … pretty much everything, except my DHCP, DNS, web cache and LDAP services.
A few before leaving Smile, I also used OpenNebula and Ceph to store our system logs, involving Elasticsearch, Kibana and rsyslog-om-elasticsearch (right: no logstash).

This week, some customer of mine was asking for a solution that would allow him to host several Cpanel VPS, knowing he already had a site dealing with customer accounts and billing. After refusing to use my scripts deploying Xen or KVM virtual machines, as well as some Proxmox-based setup, we ended up talking about OpenNebula.

OpenNebula 4.12 dashboard

OpenNebula 4.12 dashboard, running on a single SoYouStart host

The service is based on a single SoYouStart dedicated host, 32GB RAM, 2x2T disks and a few public IPs.
Sadly, OpenNebula is still not available for Debian Jessie. Trying to install Wheezy packages, I met with some dependency issues, regarding libxmlrpc. In the end, I reinstalled the server with the latest Wheezy.

From there, installing Sunstone, OpenNebula host utils, registering localhost to my compute nodes and my LVM to my datastores took a couple hours.
Then, I started installing centos7 using virt-install and vnc, building cpanel, installing csf, adding my scripts configuring network according to nebula context media, … the cloud was operational five hours after Wheezy was installed.
I finished by writing some training support (15 pages, mostly screenshots) explaining the few actions required to create a VM for a new customer, suspend his account, backup his disks, and eventually purge his resources.

OpenNebula VNC view

OpenNebula VNC view

At first glance, using OpenNebula to drive virtualization services on a single host could seem overkill, to say the least.
Though having a customer that don’t want to know what a shell looks like, and when even Proxmox is not an acceptable answer, I feel confident OpenNebula could be way more useful than we give it credit for.

Don’t trust the Tahr

Beware that since latest Ubuntu kernel upgrades (14.04.02), you may lose network rebooting your servers!

I’ve had the problem four days ago, rebooting one of my OpenNebula hosts. Still unreachable after 5 minutes, I logged in physically, to see all my “p1pX” and “p4pX” interfaces had disappeared.
Checking udev rules, there is now a file fixing interfaces mapping. On a server I have not rebooted yet, this file doesn’t exist.

The story could have ended here. But with Ubuntu, updates is a daily struggle: today, one of my ceph OSD (hosting 4 disks) spontaneously stopped working.
Meaning: the host was still there, I was able to open a shell using SSH. Checking processes, all ceph osd deamon were stopped. Starting them showed no error, while processes were still absent. Checking dmesg, I had several lines of SSL-related segfaults.
As expected, rebooting fixed everything, from ceph, to my network interfaces names.
It’s in these days I most enjoy freelancing: I can address my system and network outages in time, way before it’s too late.

While I was starting to accept Ubuntu as safe enough to run production services, renaming interfaces on a production system is unacceptable. I’m curious to know how Canonical dealt with that providing BootStack and OpenStack-based services.

Note there is still a way to prevent your interfaces from being renamed:

# ln -s /dev/null /etc/udev/rules.d/75-persistent-net-generator.rules

UTGB Refactoring

Since december, and until further notice, I’ve been experimenting on my services, replacing my old VMs one by one.

Corresponding puppet modules are available at

Experiencing some Ceph disaster (lost PG), the next big step is to drop two hosts from my current crushmap, using them to start a new Ceph cluster, and migrate my disks progressively.


EDIT from May 17th:

All my hosts are now dependent of this new puppetmaster.